UNIFORMS OF THE AFRICAN AND ASIATIC TROOPS, INCLUDING THE COPTIC LEGION, IN THE SERVICE OF FRANCE BY THE FRENCH ARTIST CHARLES VERNIER
Charles Vernier (1813 – 1892) was a French artist, lithographer and caricaturist. He worked for Le Charivari and published several illustrated books. His works included several lithographs of the French army.
Figure 2: A photo of Charles Venier taken in 1859 by Pollet à Niort.
One of his most beautiful lithographs is his Costumes de l’armée Française: troupes africaines et asiatiques au service de la France (Uniforms of the French army: African and Asiatic troops in the service of France). It includes, from the right of the picture to its left, the military uniforms of:
- The Black Companies (Camagnies Noires) during the First Republic; 1798
- The Coptic Legion (Légion Cophte) during the First Republic; 1799
- Indians (Cypayes) during the Restoration; 1814
- The Moorish Police (Gendarmes Maures) during the July Monarchy; 1841
- The Spahis and Native Sharpshooters (Spahis et les tirailleurs indigenes) during the July Monarchy; 1845.
Figure 3: The military uniform of the Coptic Legion according to Charles Venier.