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THE BRAVE COPTIC LEGION PROJECT

October 20, 2011

AN ATTEMPT TO PRODUCE A PROFILE OF THE COPTIC LEGION AND ITS MILITARY LEADERS WHO FOUGHT TO DEFEND THE COPTS AGAINST THE ATTACKS OF THE TURKS, MAMLUKES AND NORMAD ARABS DURING THE FRENCH EXPEDITION IN EGYPT AND LATER FOUGHT IN NAPOLEON’S EUROPEAN WARS

This is a slow project with the aim of collecting all that is available to us about the Coptic heroes who dared to fight like brave men the Turks, Mamulkes and the Arab nomads who had attacked the Copts during the French Expedition (1798 – 1801); and left Egypt in August 1801 with the French in the hope of continuing their struggle for a free Egypt. They continued in Napoleon’s Army, attained high positions, and fought in some of the most significant European wars, including Austerlitz in 1805.

This project will grow with time.

1.       Mu’allem General Ya’qub Tadrus, Organiser and Leader of the Coptic Legion (1761 – 1801)

2.       Colonel Gabriel Sidarus

3.       Colonel Makarius Hinein (1773 – 1805)

  • As a youth he worked in his father’s jewellery shop
  • Later, he became an interpreter in the Coptic Legion
  • He joined the French forces when they left Egypt in August 1801
  • Promoted Captain and later Colonel
  • Participated in Napoleon’s European wars
  • Killed in the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805

4.       Colonel Hanna Hirql (1776 – 1805)

  • Born in Manfalut in 1776
  • Was an officer in the Coptic Legion
  • In the European wars he fought with Colonel Gabriel Sidarus
  • Awarded the “Legion of Honour”
  • Killed in the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805

5.       Commandant  Abd Allah Mansur (1872 – 1831):

  • Born in Cairo in 1772
  • Educated by his father
  • When he was old enough he joined the Coptic Legion
  • Very soon he was promoted to officer’s rank
  • He participated in napoleon’s European wars
  • Promoted Commandant in 1807
  • Participated in the Paris parade in 1809
  • After the dissolution of the Coptic Legion in 1814, he continued to reside in Paris, where he died in 1831

 

 

 

REFERENCES: this will build up with time

Otto F. A. Meinardus, Christian Egypt, Faith and Life (The American University Press; Cairo; 1970); pp. 15-16.

 

 

 

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2 Comments leave one →
  1. mindthehat permalink
    November 14, 2011 1:30 pm

    Brilliant. Well done. I hope history will remember you as one of those who revived the Coptic identity. The Copts need more people like you.

    • Dioscorus Boles permalink
      November 14, 2011 10:06 pm

      Thanks, my friend. I am humbled. It is a huge task that all of us have to contribute towards its realisation.

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